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Paediatric optometrist back to school eye test in Canberra

Are Your Child’s Eyes Ready for School? Ask a Paediatric Optometrist

When was the last time your child had their eyes checked?

It’s a question many parents might overlook, especially with the hustle and bustle of preparing for a new school year.

But here’s the thing: just because your child hasn’t complained about their vision, doesn’t mean their eyes are perfectly fine. In fact, it’s a commonly stated statistic that 1 in 4 children has undetected vision problems.

And don’t assume that school screenings have you covered, either. A recent study found that school vision tests fail to detect vision issues in 75% of cases!

Many eyesight conditions in children are not obvious and can only be detected through a professional eye exam by a paediatric optometrist.

It’s common for parents to think, “My child would tell me if they couldn’t see well,” but in reality, kids often don’t recognize or verbalize their vision issues. They might assume everyone sees the world the way they do.

This is why a ‘back to school eye examination’ is crucial – it can catch those hidden problems, ensuring your child’s vision isn’t a hurdle in their learning journey. Imperfect vision can seriously hold back your child’s academic and social development.

My name is Juliet Menakaya, and I’m the owner and principal paediatric optometrist at Junic Eye Care. I regularly consult with Canberra parents about the eye care of their children. At our practice we make these eye exams thorough, and child-friendly, so your little one can get back to their adventures with healthier eyes.

Why not secure that appointment today and give your child one of the best tools for success this school year – clear vision.

Or if you want to learn more about what we can do to help your child achieve the healthiest eyes and best eyesight, keep reading!


The Link Between Vision and Learning

Understanding the strong connection between vision and learning is crucial. As a paediatric optometrist, I’ve witnessed how important visual skills are for a child’s academic success. Let’s take a closer look at these skills:

  • Eye Tracking: This is so important for reading. Children struggling with eye tracking may find keeping track of lines while reading difficult. This challenge can make reading less enjoyable and hinder their overall interest in literature.
  • Binocular Coordination: This ensures the eyes work in harmony, vital for depth perception and spatial understanding. It helps children in activities requiring depth judgment, such as catching a ball.
  • Convergence: This is the ability of the eyes to focus on near tasks. It’s essential when a child is reading, writing, or using a computer. Problems with convergence can lead to discomfort, such as headaches or eye strain.
  • Central and Peripheral Vision: Both are important in a classroom setting. Central vision aids in focusing on specific tasks like reading from the board, while peripheral vision helps in being aware of the entire classroom environment.

When a child faces difficulties in these areas, it can significantly affect their academic performance. For example, challenges in eye tracking can impede reading fluency, affecting all subjects that involve reading.

Statistic Explanation
>1 in 20 preschool-age, 1 in 4 school-age Prevalence of vision disorders in preschool-age and school-age children.
80% Proportion of learning through visual inputs in a child’s first 12 years.
<15% Percentage of preschool children who receive a professional eye exam.
2% Prevalence of Amblyopia (‘lazy eye’) in children aged six months to six years.
Once between age 3 and 5 years Recommended frequency of vision screening to detect amblyopia or its risk factors.

Table data from: “Children’s Eye Health: 5 Powerful Eye Statistics Every Parent Should See

Symptoms of Vision Issues in Children

Being a parent or guardian means keeping an eye out for the subtle signs that something might be amiss with your child’s health, including their vision. Recognizing the symptoms of vision issues in children is crucial because catching these problems early can lead to much better outcomes. Here are some common signs to watch for:

  • Frequent Eye Rubbing or Blinking: This is often a child’s instinctive reaction to vision discomfort. If you notice your child frequently rubbing or blinking their eyes, it could be a sign they are trying to clear or improve their vision.
  • Squinting or Tilting the Head: Squinting might be a sign that your child is struggling to see clearly. Similarly, tilting the head or covering one eye can be a child’s way of coping with binocular vision issues, where the eyes aren’t working together as they should.
  • Sitting Too Close to Screens or Books: Notice how close your child sits to the TV or how they hold their books. Sitting very close or holding reading material too close to their face might suggest they have trouble seeing things at a normal distance, possibly indicating nearsightedness.
  • Avoiding Visually Intensive Activities: If your child seems to avoid activities like reading, writing, or even certain games and puzzles, it could be because these tasks cause visual discomfort or difficulty.
  • Poor School Performance: A sudden drop in grades or a lack of progress in school can sometimes be traced back to undiagnosed vision problems. It’s not always about understanding the material; sometimes, it’s about seeing it clearly.
  • Complaints of Headaches or Eye Pain: Regular complaints of headaches or eye discomfort, especially after reading or other visual tasks, can be a sign of eye strain or other underlying vision issues.
  • Difficulty Concentrating on School Work: Vision problems can make it hard for a child to focus on their work. What might seem like attention or behavioral issues could actually be a struggle with seeing the work in front of them.
  • Losing Place While Reading: If your child often loses their place or skips lines while reading, this could be indicative of eye tracking problems, making it hard for them to follow text smoothly.
  • Trouble with Hand-Eye Coordination: Difficulties in catching a ball or other activities requiring hand-eye coordination could point to vision issues. This skill is crucial for many aspects of learning and playing.
  • Behavioral Changes: Sometimes, changes in behavior, like increased irritability or frustration during tasks involving reading or writing, can be a child’s response to the challenges they face due to vision problems.


The Role of a Paediatric Optometrist

At Junic Eye Care, our approach to paediatric eye exams is thorough and child-centric, making the experience as comfortable and stress-free as possible for both you and your child. Let me walk you through what happens during one of these exams at our clinic.

  • A Thorough Examination: When your child visits us for an eye exam, we don’t just check if they can see clearly; we perform a comprehensive evaluation of their eye health and vision. We use age-appropriate methods and tools to ensure that we get an accurate understanding of your child’s visual capabilities.
  • A Kind and Patient Approach: I believe that a key part of being a paediatric optometrist is creating a positive and reassuring environment for our young patients. Children may feel anxious about eye exams, so I always take extra time to explain the process in a way they can understand, using simple and friendly language. My aim is to make each child feel comfortable and safe. I encourage questions and make sure that both the child and the parents are at ease throughout the examination.
  • Customized Care and Advice: Following the examination, I provide personalized advice and care plans, tailored to your child’s specific needs. Whether it’s a prescription for glasses, exercises to improve eye coordination, or further assessments, every recommendation is made with your child’s best interest in heart.
Paediatric optometrist in Canberra
Paediatric optometrist eye test in Canberra

Eye Care: Beyond the Basics

Early intervention in a child’s overall eye health can make a significant difference, not just in correcting vision but also in preventing long-term learning issues. Here’s how we approach this:

  • Behavioral Optometry: We assess and treat visual problems that are related to visual perception, including how the brain processes what the eye sees. This approach is particularly beneficial for children facing challenges in reading and hand-eye coordination.
  • Myopia Control: With the increasing prevalence of myopia or nearsightedness in children, our clinic offers targeted treatments to slow its progression, including myopia control lenses and eye exercises.
  • Dry Eye Treatment: Children can also suffer from dry eye syndrome, often exacerbated by increased screen time. We provide treatments and strategies to manage this condition, ensuring comfort and long-term eye health.
  • Treatments and Technologies: At our practice, we employ the latest technologies and treatment methods to provide the best possible care. This includes advanced imaging techniques for a detailed analysis of eye health, as well as the latest treatments for various eye conditions. We constantly update our knowledge and equipment to stay at the forefront of eye care.


Preparing Your Child for an Eye Exam

Eye exams with a new paediatric optometrist can be somewhat daunting experience for children. As parents, your support and reassurance are key to making this process smooth and stress-free for your little ones. Here are some tips to help prepare your child for an eye exam:

Addressing Concerns and Anxieties:

Children might be nervous about what an eye exam entails. It’s important to talk to them about it beforehand. Explain that the exam is a way to make sure their eyes are healthy and strong, just like a regular doctor’s visit checks on their overall health. Let them know that there’s nothing to be worried about.

Making Eye Exams Fun:

Describe the eye checkup in a fun and engaging way. You could say, “You’ll get to play a special game where you tell us which pictures or letters you can see!” Talk about the different tools we use as something exciting and new, rather than intimidating.

Positive Reinforcement:

Build a positive mindset by focusing on the enjoyable aspects of the exam. You could plan a small treat or a fun activity for after the appointment. This gives your child something to look forward to and creates a positive association with eye exams.

Choosing the Right Time:

Schedule the exam when your child is usually at their best – perhaps not right after a busy day at school or early in the morning. A time when they’re typically alert and relaxed is ideal.

On the Day of the Exam:

  • Rest and Nutrition: A good night’s sleep and a healthy meal or snack before the exam can make a big difference. A well-rested and well-fed child is more likely to be cooperative and in good spirits.
  • Comfortable Clothing: Dress your child in clothes they feel comfortable and happy in. This small step can help them feel more at ease in a new environment.
  • A Familiar Object: If your child has a favorite toy or book, letting them bring it along can provide comfort and a sense of familiarity.

Post-Exam Discussion:

After the exam, take a moment to chat with your child about what happened. Ask them what they thought about the experience and what they learned about their eyes. This can help demystify the process and make them more comfortable for future visits.

By taking these steps, you’re not only preparing your child for an eye exam but also helping them develop a positive attitude towards eye care.

If your little one is still nervous, perhaps the two of you could watch the following video from Dr Vicky Fisher to give them a positive frame of reference.


As we wrap up, let’s do a quick recap. We’ve talked about how crucial good vision is for your child’s learning and fun times at school. Remember, not all vision issues are obvious, and kids might not even know they’re struggling to see clearly. That’s why those regular eye checks are so important – they help catch sneaky problems early.

Let’s not forget, overlooking eye health can really get in the way of your child’s schoolwork and play. Meeting with a paediatric optometrist to catch any vision troubles early can make a huge difference, not just in the classroom but in all aspects of their growing lives.

So, as the school year is kicking off, why not make sure those little eyes are all set to go? At Junic Eyecare, we’re all about making eye exams stress-free and super kid-friendly.

To visit our optometry practice, click the “Book Online” button at the top of the page or call (02) 6152 8585 today.

You’ll find our clinic conveniently located in the Molonglo Health Hub, just a short 10 minute drive from central Canberra, with plenty of free parking when you get here.

Kids glasses frames in Canberra

Back to School Prep: Choosing Glasses for Kids in Canberra

Have you ever stopped to think if the glasses your child wears are truly fit-for-purpose?

As Canberra gears up for the new academic year, it’s vital to consider how much a child’s eyewear can influence their learning and social life at school.

You know, it’s quite surprising when you think about it – around 1 in 4 kids, specifically 25.3%, between the ages of 2 and 17 are using glasses or contacts. And as they get older, it seems like more and more youngsters end up needing them.

But, you might wonder if splashing out on quality eyewear for kids is really worth it.

The truth is, the right pair of kids glasses does more than improve vision; they boost confidence, ensure comfort, protect eyesight, and withstand the rough-and-tumble of child’s play.

Poorly fitted or low-quality glasses can be a source of discomfort and might even worsen vision issues, not to mention the hassle of constant replacements. Factors like comfort, durability, and a style that your child loves are all key.

Imagine the smile on your child’s face as they put on their new glasses, seeing the world with newfound clarity. Their eyes light up as they pick out details they might have missed before, and they can’t wait to show off their stylish frames to their friends at school. It’s not just about seeing better; it’s about them stepping out with a new burst of confidence.

I’m Juliet Menakaya, the owner and principal optometrist behind Junic Eye Care. I’m here to help you find the perfect pair of glasses for your offspring that they’ll absolutely love to wear! At our optometry practice we have frames that cater for kids of all ages.

So, are you ready to give your child the gift of clear and comfortable vision for the school year?

Book an appointment with us or read on for more insights on selecting the best glasses for your kiddos.

Buy kids glasses in Canberra
Kids glasses for back to school in Canberra

Proper Vision for School-Aged Children

When we think about setting our kids up for success at school, we often consider their learning environment, teachers, and curriculum. But how often do we think about their vision? It’s a crucial element that directly impacts every part of their school life. From reading a book to playing outside, clear vision is key. It’s not just about being able to see; it’s about how they interact with and interpret the world around them.

In the classroom, our children’s eyes are on a mini-marathon every day. They’re constantly shifting focus from their books or tablets to what’s on the whiteboard. If their vision isn’t sharp, imagine the extra effort they need to keep up. It’s like they’re trying to complete a puzzle with some pieces missing.

But here’s the thing – children’s vision is a journey, not a fixed point. It evolves as they grow. Those first few years are more than just about physical growth; they’re about how their eyes develop too. Initially, a baby’s world is made up of shapes, light, and movements. As they toddle into their school years, their eyesight becomes sharper, allowing them to explore and learn with more clarity. This is when they master vital skills – depth perception for catching a ball, eye-hand coordination for writing, and switching focus from their desk to the whiteboard.

Understanding this journey helps us see why regular eye exams are so vital. Children might not realize or express that they have vision problems. After all, they often believe everyone sees the world as they do. Regular check-ups ensure we’re keeping pace with their changing vision needs, ensuring nothing holds them back from learning and playing to their heart’s content.

As a parent, it’s about paying attention to these changes and ensuring their vision supports their learning and fun. At Junic Eye Care, we focus on holistic development, ensuring each child’s vision is clear, allowing them to engage fully in every aspect of their school life.

Selecting Frames for Comfort and Style

Choosing the right frames for kids means finding the perfect blend of comfort and style. First up, the fit is crucial. Frames should sit comfortably on the nose without pinching and stay in place behind the ears. No slipping down or tight squeezing!

Material is another key factor. We opt for durable, lightweight materials that can handle the playground and study time. Many frames these days are made from flexible materials that can bend without breaking – perfect for active kids. Also, don’t forget about hypoallergenic properties, especially important for children with sensitive skin.

But let’s be real – if the kids don’t like how the frames look, they won’t wear them. That’s why style matters. It’s essential to involve them in the selection process. Whether they love bold colors, patterns, or something more understated, finding frames that reflect their personality can make all the difference. It’s not just a pair of glasses; it’s a part of their identity.

At Junic Eye Care, we have a range of fun, stylish, and comfortable frames, designed specifically for children. We’re here to help you and your child find that perfect pair that ticks all the boxes – fit, function, and fashion.

There are many motivations to purchase new glasses for your child. A study in 2012 showed the multiple reasons for buying new glasses for primary school age kids (<10 years old) versus teens (14-17 years old).

Reason %
< 10 years old
14-17 years old
Prescription change (existing wearer) 32.9 47.0
New prescription (first time wearer) 30.9 20.9
Previous pair was damaged 22.5 24.4
Lost previous pair 7.6 6.1
Wanted a spare pair 5.3 7.5
Did not like style/look 4.8 7.3
Wanted to use insurance 2.0 3.8
Other/don’t know 10.4 7.5

From: “Reason of purchasing eyeglasses for children in the U.S. 2012

The Durability Factor: Choosing Kids Glasses That Last

As parents, we all know that children’s activities are as varied as their imaginations, so their glasses need to be up for the challenge. This is where the choice of materials becomes critical, especially when selecting lenses and frames that can keep up with the energetic lifestyle of a child.

Polycarbonate lenses are often the go-to choice for children’s glasses. Why? Because they’re perfect for the rough and tumble of childhood. These lenses are impact-resistant, meaning they’re less likely to break or crack during sports, playground adventures, or those inevitable oops moments. Besides being tough, polycarbonate lenses are lighter than standard plastic lenses, making them more comfortable for all-day wear. Plus, they come with built-in UV protection, keeping those little eyes safe from harmful sun rays.

Now, let’s talk frames. We need something that bends but doesn’t break. Thankfully, advances in eyewear technology have given us just that – flexible frame materials. These materials, like certain types of plastic and metal alloys, are designed to withstand bending and twisting without snapping. Think about frames that can twist in a backpack or bend during a game of tag without giving in to the pressure. That’s the kind of resilience we’re looking for.

But durability doesn’t mean sacrificing style. Modern materials mean you can have frames that are both sturdy and stylish. They come in a variety of colors and designs, so your child doesn’t have to compromise on looking cool while staying active.

At Junic Eye Care, we understand the importance of durable eyewear for children. We stock a range of glasses that are both kid-tough and kid-approved, ensuring they last longer while keeping your child in clear, comfortable vision.


Special Features in Children’s Glasses

Choosing the right glasses for active kids goes beyond just selecting durable materials. It’s about finding those little design features that make a big difference in fit and function. Adjustable temples, for instance, are a godsend. They allow for a customized fit, ensuring the glasses grow with your child and stay snug and comfortable, even as they sprint, jump, and play.

Then there are cable temples – a clever design where the temples curve around the ear. These are especially handy for the little ones, keeping their glasses secure during all sorts of activities. No more glasses sliding off mid-action!

Let’s not forget about nose pads. They might seem small, but they’re mighty in keeping glasses in place. Nose pads help distribute weight evenly across the nose, reducing pressure points and making the glasses more comfortable to wear, which is crucial for kids who are always on the move.

Now, for the young athletes and water enthusiasts, sports glasses and prescription swim goggles are game-changers. Sports glasses are designed to withstand impact, providing extra protection during sports and physical activities. Prescription swim goggles, on the other hand, offer clear vision underwater, making swimming more enjoyable and safe. These specialized glasses often come with additional protective features, like UV protection and anti-fog lenses, enhancing the outdoor experience.

At Junic Eye Care, we understand that every child is unique and their glasses should be too. That’s why we offer a range of glasses with these thoughtful features. Whether it’s for everyday wear, sports, or swimming, we’re here to ensure your child’s glasses fit perfectly into their active lifestyle.


Tips for a Successful Glasses Fitting for Children

When it’s time to choose glasses for your child, there is a lot to consider. Here are some practical tips to ensure you pick the right pair:

  • Involve Your Child: Let them have a say in the selection. If they love their glasses, they’re more likely to wear them without fuss. From colors to shapes, find something that aligns with their personality.
  • Prioritize Fit Over Fashion: While style is important, the fit is crucial. Glasses should sit comfortably on the nose, not slide down or pinch, and the temples should rest snugly over the ears without pressing too tightly.
  • Look for Durable Materials: Kids are active, so their glasses should be able to keep up. Opt for flexible, impact-resistant materials like polycarbonate for lenses and sturdy yet flexible frame materials.
  • Think Long-Term Use: Choose glasses that can withstand daily wear and tear. Check the warranty and repair options as well.
  • Safety First for Active Kids: If your child is into sports or physical activities, consider sports glasses or prescription goggles that provide extra protection.
  • Opt for UV Protection: Protecting your child’s eyes from harmful ultraviolet rays is crucial. Choose glasses with lenses that offer UV protection to safeguard their eyes against the sun’s damaging effects. This feature is essential not just for sunglasses but for regular eyeglasses too, as children spend a significant amount of time outdoors. UV-protective lenses help prevent eye conditions linked to sun exposure, such as cataracts, later in life.
  • Regular Check-Ups: Children’s vision can change rapidly. Regular eye exams ensure their prescription is up to date, and their glasses are still suitable for their current needs.

At Junic Eye Care, we’re committed to helping you find the perfect blend of style, comfort, and durability in children’s glasses. Our team is here to guide you through the selection process, ensuring your child leaves with a pair of glasses they love and feel great wearing.

Want to learn more about what to look for when picking out kids glasses? Watch the following video from The Girls With Glasses YouTube Channel.

Hypoallergenic Eyewear Materials

Here are four examples of hypoallergenic materials often used in eyewear, particularly beneficial for individuals with sensitive skin:

  • Titanium: This is a popular choice for eyeglass frames due to its strength, lightweight nature, and hypoallergenic properties. It’s highly resistant to corrosion and unlikely to cause skin irritation.
  • Stainless Steel: Known for its durability and corrosion resistance, stainless steel is also hypoallergenic. It’s a common choice for eyeglass frames, offering both strength and reduced risk of skin reactions.
  • Acetate: A type of plastic known for being hypoallergenic, acetate is often used in eyeglass frames. It’s a popular choice for its wide range of colors and patterns, and it doesn’t contain any harmful chemicals that might irritate the skin.
  • Polyamide: This is a type of nylon that’s lightweight, flexible, and hypoallergenic. It’s often used in sports eyewear and children’s glasses due to its durability and comfort.

When choosing glasses, especially for children or individuals with known skin sensitivities, opting for frames made from these hypoallergenic materials can significantly improve comfort and reduce the risk of allergic reactions.



Let’s bring it all together. We’ve explored quite a bit about choosing the right glasses for your kids as they head back to school. It’s a big deal, isn’t it? About one-fourth of kids between 2 and 17 need glasses, and that’s not just about sharper vision – it’s about confidence, comfort, and keeping up with their active days.

Getting this decision right is crucial. Glasses that aren’t up to scratch can be more than just annoying; they can really get in the way of your child’s day-to-day school life. We’re talking about finding glasses that stay put during recess, don’t irritate their skin, and look cool enough for your child to feel great wearing them.

Ignoring these aspects? It might mean glasses that your child reluctantly wears or, even worse, ends up avoiding, which can impact both their learning and playtime. That’s the last thing we want.

Our optical store has a range includes glasses that are durable, comfortable, and stylish – exactly what kids need.

So, as the school year approaches, why not come in for a chat? Let’s get your child set up with glasses that fit just right and can handle everything their day throws at them. We’re here at Junic Eye Care to make sure your child heads back to school not just seeing better, but feeling great about it.

To visit our optometry practice, click the “Book Online” button at the top of the page or call (02) 6152 8585 today.

You’ll find our clinic conveniently located in the Molonglo Health Hub, just a short 10 minute drive from central Canberra, with plenty of free parking when you get here.

meibomian gland expression

Meibomian Gland Expression: Effective Clinical Treatment for Dry Eyes

Ever wondered why your eyes always feel uncomfortably dry, even in the varied climate of Canberra?

Consider the story of Evelyn, a patient at our clinic. Like many in the nation’s capital, she initially blamed the dry, windy conditions and her screen-heavy lifestyle for her eye discomfort. But as her symptoms persisted, it became clear there was more to her story. This is a common narrative for those battling dry eye disease, a condition characterized by symptoms like irritation, redness, and a gritty feeling in the eyes, which can greatly affect one’s daily life.

I’m Juliet Menakaya, an optometrist based in Canberra with a deep understanding of dry eye conditions, particularly Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD). At Junic Eye Care, we have deep experience in treating such conditions. MGD occurs when the Meibomian glands, responsible for the oil layer in our eye’s tear film, become clogged, much like a blocked pipe in a delicate plumbing system. This blockage leads to tear evaporation and dry eye symptoms.

The turning point in Evelyn’s eye care journey was the implementation of Meibomian gland expression at Junic Eye Care.

This clinical procedure, aimed at the root cause of her discomfort, offered her the relief she desperately needed. In this article, we’ll explore the nuances of Meibomian gland expression, examining its effectiveness in treating dry eye symptoms.

Understanding Meibomian Glands and Their Role in Eye Health

The Meibomian glands play a surprisingly crucial role in our eye health, yet they’re often something we don’t think about until there’s a problem. These tiny glands are located in our eyelids – imagine them as small oil factories lined along the edges of your upper and lower eyelids. Their job? To secrete oil into our tears. This oil is essential; it forms the top layer of our tear film and prevents the rapid evaporation of our tears. Without it, our eyes would be like a backyard pool that’s lost its protective cover, leaving the water to evaporate under the sun.

Now, let’s talk about Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD). When these glands don’t work properly, the balance of our tear film is disrupted. The result? Our tears evaporate too quickly, leading to a range of discomforting symptoms.

So, what does this mean for our eyes? MGD can lead to common dry eye symptoms including:

  • A gritty or scratchy feeling, as if there’s something in your eye.
  • Dryness that can feel particularly uncomfortable in environments like the dry Canberra climate.
  • Redness and irritation, making your eyes look tired.
  • A stinging or burning sensation that can be quite bothersome.

Understanding the critical role of Meibomian glands helps us see why maintaining their health is key to keeping our eyes comfortable and well-lubricated. It’s one of those behind-the-scenes systems in our body that, when functioning well, we barely notice – but when there’s a problem, it can have a big impact on our day-to-day comfort.

Watch the following video if you’d like to know about what Meibomian glands are, why they are important and who is most at risk of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD).

The Importance of Meibomian Gland Expression Treatment

Meibomian gland expression, although it sounds technical, is simply a process akin to clearing a blocked water pipe, restoring a smooth flow. In this treatment, gentle pressure is applied to the eyelids to unclog the Meibomian glands. The pressure will excrete any congealed oil within the glands that is blocking their proper function. We then wipe away and remove this oil with sanitary eye care materials.

Now, how does Meibomian gland expression differ from other dry eye treatments? While artificial tears and warm compresses provide symptomatic relief, they’re like giving a parched plant a quick water spray. They help momentarily, but don’t necessarily fix the underlying problem. On the other hand, Meibomian gland expression is like repairing the plant’s root system to ensure it gets the right amount of water regularly. This treatment goes beyond just alleviating symptoms; it targets the source of the problem for more lasting relief.

In essence, while there are several ways to tackle dry eye symptoms, Meibomian gland expression stands out for its direct approach in addressing one of the key underlying causes of dry eyes. It’s an integral part of a comprehensive eye care strategy, especially for those for whom typical remedies only offer temporary relief.

The Meibomian Gland Expression Process

Understanding the process of Meibomian gland expression can help demystify this effective treatment for dry eye symptoms. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of what happens during the procedure:

  • Initial Assessment: First, we conduct a thorough examination of the eye’s surface and eyelids to assess the extent of gland blockage and overall eye health. This ensures a tailored approach to the treatment.
  • Preparation: The area around the eyes is cleaned, and sometimes, a warm compress is applied to soften the oils in the glands, making them easier to express.
  • Application of Gentle Pressure: Using specialized tools designed for this procedure, gentle pressure is applied to the eyelids. These tools, which vary from simple manual devices to more sophisticated instruments, are used to carefully and precisely express the clogged material from the Meibomian glands.
  • Monitoring and Adjustments: Throughout the process, the pressure and technique are adjusted according to the patient’s response and comfort level. We continually monitor the expression to ensure effectiveness and safety.
  • Post-procedure Care: After the procedure, patients are usually given instructions on follow-up care, which might include applying warm compresses at home and using lubricating eye drops.

The safety and comfort of our patients during Meibomian gland expression are paramount. We ensure that the procedure is performed gently and with utmost care to avoid any discomfort. The tools used are designed specifically for this purpose, minimizing any risk and maximizing the effectiveness of the treatment.

Patients typically find this procedure to be a comfortable experience, with many noticing a relief in symptoms soon after. It’s a safe and controlled way to directly address one of the key underlying causes of dry eyes, making it an invaluable part of comprehensive eye care.

dry eyes and allergy
dry eyes using a computer

Complementary Treatments and Lifestyle Adjustments

In addition to clinical treatments like Meibomian gland expression, managing dry eye symptoms often involves a holistic approach, including dietary changes and lifestyle adjustments. Here’s how you can complement your treatment for more effective results:

  • Dietary Changes: Incorporating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids can be beneficial for dry eye management. Think of adding more fish like salmon, chia seeds, flaxseeds, and walnuts to your diet. These foods help in maintaining healthy tear film and reducing inflammation in the body.
  • Regular Eye Exams: Consistent eye check-ups are crucial. These exams allow us to monitor the health of your eyes, assess the effectiveness of your current treatment, and make necessary adjustments. Regular follow-up care ensures that any changes in your condition are addressed promptly, keeping your treatment on the right track.
  • Complementary Treatments at Junic Eye Care: At our clinic, we offer a range of treatments that work hand-in-hand with Meibomian gland expression. These may include: prescription eye drops, blepharitis treatments, specialized warm compress masks and more.

By combining clinical treatments with these dietary and lifestyle modifications, we can create a comprehensive plan to manage dry eye syndrome effectively. At Junic Eye Care, we are committed to providing a holistic approach to your eye health, ensuring that you receive the most suitable and comprehensive care for your eyes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Meibomian gland expression painful?

An optometrist will use a topical anaesthesia (eyedrops) to numb your eyelids and most patients tolerate the procedure well.

How long does it take to unclog Meibomian glands?

The expression treatment should be completed within 15 minutes.

How do I know if my Meibomian glands are blocked?

In its early stages, most people won’t know if the have Meibomian Gland Dysfunction. But as MGD progresses and you have less oil or poor-quality oil in your tear film, your eyes may burn, itch, or be irritated or dry.

What happens if Meibomian gland dysfunction is left untreated?

If Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is left untreated, the glands may start to deteriorate, similar to how muscles weaken when not regularly exercised. The loss of these glands poses a significant and long-term issue, as once they cease to function, there’s currently no method available to revive their activity.

Can you reverse Meibomian gland dysfunction?

Catching Meibomian Gland Dysfunction at an early stage is crucial, as it can lead to the successful restoration of gland function. This early intervention, especially with Meibomian gland expression therapy, can prevent the glands from deteriorating and succumbing to atrophy.


In summary, treating Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is not just about alleviating discomfort; it’s a crucial step in preserving overall eye health. MGD, if left unaddressed, can lead to chronic dry eye symptoms, impacting your vision quality and daily comfort. That’s why understanding and tackling this condition is so important.

The benefits of Meibomian gland expression in this context cannot be overstated. This treatment directly targets the root cause of MGD by unclogging the oil-producing glands, thus restoring the essential balance of your tear film. It’s a focused approach that goes beyond mere symptom relief, offering a pathway to long-term eye comfort. Patients who undergo this therapy often report significant improvements, not just in terms of reduced dryness and irritation, but also in their overall quality of life.

If you’re experiencing symptoms of dry eyes or believe you might have MGD, don’t let it go unchecked. At Junic Eye Care, we’re equipped with the expertise and technology to provide specialized dry eye treatment, including Meibomian gland expression therapy. We invite you to visit us for a comprehensive eye examination. Let us help you achieve optimal eye health and comfort with personalized care tailored to your needs. Your eyes deserve the best care, and we’re here to offer just that.

To visit our optometry practice, click the “Book Online” button at the top of the page or call (02) 6152 8585 today.

You’ll find our clinic conveniently located in the Molonglo Health Hub, just a short 10 minute drive from central Canberra, with plenty of free parking when you get here.

warm compress for eyes

Myth Busting: Not Every Warm Compress for Eyes Delivers Good Results!

Have you ever reached for a warm compress to soothe your tired, strained eyes after a long day? You might be like one of our patients, Sarah, a local Canberra librarian, who spends hours each day in front of both books and computer screens. Like many of us, she often ends her day with dry, uncomfortable eyes. Sarah’s go-to solution, maybe like yours, is a warm compress, a remedy as comforting as a cozy blanket on a chilly evening.

I’m Juliet Menakaya. As an experienced Canberra optometrist and the owner of Junic Eye Care in Canberra, I have a lot of experience in helping local residents to manage dry eye disease, often through simple and practical remedies.

Warm compresses for eyes are widely regarded as a quick fix for dry eye discomfort.

But here’s something Sarah learned the hard way: not all warm compresses are equally effective. After several unsuccessful attempts with various types of compresses, she realized that finding the right one is key.

In this article, we’ll share insights similar to Sarah’s journey, discussing why some warm compresses work wonders while others barely make a difference. Join us as we unpack the truth behind this popular eye care remedy and help you find the best option for your needs.

Understanding Eye Discomfort and Warm Compresses

Dealing with eye discomfort is something many of us in Canberra can relate to. Whether it’s from staring at digital devices all day, braving the dry and often pollen-heavy air, or just the usual wear and tear of daily life, our eyes can go through a lot. Common symptoms include dryness, a gritty feeling, redness, and sometimes even a stinging sensation – all of which can range from mildly annoying to downright distracting.

Now, let’s talk about a simple yet effective remedy: warm compresses.

You might wonder, how does something as basic as a warm compress help? Well, it’s all about gentle, soothing heat. When you apply a warm compress to your eyes, it helps to increase blood circulation in the area. This boost in blood flow can help to relax the muscles around your eyes, providing relief from discomfort.

Additionally, for those experiencing dryness, the warmth helps to stimulate the glands around the eyes, enhancing tear production and oil secretion, which are vital for a healthy tear film. This is particularly beneficial in combating the dry Canberra climate which can exacerbate dry eye symptoms.

Using a warm compress is like giving your eyes a mini spa treatment. It’s a simple, non-invasive way to provide relief and can be easily incorporated into your daily routine. Just remember, the key is gentle warmth – the compress should feel comfortable on your skin, not too hot. So, next time your eyes are feeling tired and strained, a warm compress might just be the soothing touch you need.

The Traditional Warm Compress for Eyes

When we think of traditional warm compresses for the eyes, the image of a warm, damp towel often comes to mind. It’s a method many of us have turned to at some point, seeking relief from eye discomfort. You simply soak a clean towel in warm water, wring it out, and gently place it over your closed eyelids. The warmth feels soothing, and there’s a certain old-school comfort to this approach.

However, as comforting as it may be, this traditional method does have its limitations. One of the main issues is the inconsistency of heat. The warmth from a towel tends to dissipate quite quickly, meaning you might find yourself getting up repeatedly to re-soak the towel in warm water to maintain the desired temperature. A recent study concluded that hot towels are effective in reducing ocular symptoms, however the optimal temperature range for treatment is between 40 °C and 47 °C. Therefore, towels need reheating every two minutes to maintain therapeutic effectiveness. This can be a bit of a hassle, especially if you’re looking for prolonged relief!

Modern Solutions – The Bruder Eye Mask Advantage

In the quest to find more effective solutions for eye discomfort, we’ve seen some innovative developments, and one such solution is the Bruder Eye Mask. This isn’t just any eye mask; it’s a specialized tool designed to offer consistent, therapeutic warmth, specifically targeting the issues that lead to eye discomfort.

The Bruder Eye Mask looks a bit like a regular sleep mask, but it’s packed with unique features. It contains a patented MediBeads technology. These are tiny beads inside the mask that absorb moisture from the air and release it as clean, moist heat when the mask is microwaved. The beauty of this design is the consistency of heat it provides. Unlike a warm towel that cools down quickly, the Bruder Eye Mask maintains an even temperature for a medically recommended 10 minutes, ensuring a consistent and effective treatment.

What really sets the Bruder Eye Mask apart from traditional warm compresses is its ability to maintain this therapeutic heat. This consistent warmth is crucial for effectively stimulating the Meibomian glands in the eyelids, which play a vital role in eye health. By helping these glands work better, the mask aids in improving the quality of your tears and relieving symptoms like dryness and irritation.

Moreover, the Bruder Eye Mask is designed for ease of use. It’s a hassle-free solution – you just microwave it for a brief period and then relax as the mask does its work. This simplicity makes it an attractive option for those who are looking for an effective, yet convenient way to manage eye discomfort.

In sum, the Bruder Eye Mask represents a significant step forward in eye care, offering a modern, efficient solution to a problem that has been around for ages. It’s a great example of how a traditional approach can be transformed with a touch of innovation, providing relief and comfort in our daily lives.

Safety and Convenience in Eye Care

When it comes to DIY warm compresses, safety is a key concern that often goes overlooked. While using a warm towel might seem simple enough, there’s always a risk of overheating the water, which can lead to potential burns or damage to the delicate skin around your eyes. It’s a bit like guessing the right temperature for a baby’s bath – too hot, and it’s harmful; too cool, and it’s ineffective.

On the other hand, the Bruder Eye Mask is designed with safety as a priority. It addresses the guesswork and potential hazards associated with DIY methods. The mask’s beads are engineered to reach and maintain an optimal temperature that’s both safe and effective for the eyes. This eliminates the risk of overheating, offering peace of mind that you’re not going to accidentally harm your eyes in pursuit of relief.

Apart from safety, the convenience of using the Bruder Eye Mask is a huge plus. We all lead busy lives, and finding time for eye care can be challenging. The mask simplifies this process – it’s as easy as popping it in the microwave for a few moments and then settling back as it works its magic. There’s no need for continuous reheating or the inconvenience of dripping water like with traditional towel compresses. It’s a set-and-forget solution that fits seamlessly into your routine, whether you’re taking a short break from work or winding down before bed.

In essence, the Bruder Eye Mask not only offers an effective solution for eye discomfort but also brings a level of safety and convenience that makes eye care a hassle-free part of your day. It’s about taking care of your eyes without adding extra stress or risk to your life.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much do Bruder Eye Masks cost?

The masks typically retail for less than $AUD 50 each.

How long do Bruder Eye Masks last?

If used daily, you should get six to nine months usage from each mask.

Can I sleep while wearing a Bruder Eye Mask?

Yes, the moist heat will cool to a safe level after 10 minutes so it is completely safe if you fall asleep while wearing one.

How many times a day can I use a Bruder Warm Compress?

You should use the mask as often as recommended by your optometrist. Typically once or twice a day is enough.


In closing, it’s important to circle back to the key message: choosing the right warm compress is crucial for achieving effective relief from eye discomfort. As we’ve explored, while traditional methods like warm, damp towels have their place, they come with limitations in terms of heat consistency and safety. This is where a specialized solution like the Bruder Eye Mask makes a world of difference, offering a safe, consistent, and convenient way to soothe your eyes.

It’s also crucial to remember the risks associated with using ineffective compresses. Inconsistent heat can lead to inadequate treatment, and in some cases, DIY methods might even pose a risk of overheating, potentially leading to skin irritation or damage. Eye care is delicate, and it’s vital to approach it with tools that are both safe and effective.

For residents in Canberra looking for expert advice on eye care and dry eye treatments, our doors at Junic Eye Care are always open. We understand the unique challenges our community faces when it comes to eye health, particularly in our local climate. We’re here to provide personalized advice, guiding you to the best solutions for your eye care needs.

If you’re curious about the Bruder Eye Mask or any other aspect of eye health, feel free to drop by, give us a call, or schedule an appointment. We’re here to help you see the world more clearly and comfortably, with solutions tailored just for you.

To visit our optometry practice, click the “Book Online” button at the top of the page or call (02) 6152 8585 today.

You’ll find our clinic conveniently located in the Molonglo Health Hub, just a short 10 minute drive from central Canberra, with plenty of free parking when you get here.

dry eyes and contact lenses in Canberra

Dry Eyes and Contact Lens Usage

Dry Eyes and Contact Lens Usage

Have you ever wondered why your eyes feel dry and uncomfortable after wearing contact lenses for an extended period?

Contact lenses, while convenient, can sometimes lead to aggravated dry eye symptoms. This issue stems mainly from reduced tear production due to extended wear, disrupting the eye’s natural lubrication and leading to discomfort, particularly in low-humidity environments.

I’m Juliet Menakaya, owner and principal optometrist of Junic Eye Care. At our Canberra optometry practice, I’ve consulted with many contact lens wearers who run into problems because they are also suffering from dry eye syndrome a.k.a. “dry eye disease”.

It’s a complex issue where a little professional advice can go a long way.

For example, I’ve had patients purchase contact lenses directly from the internet without having a proper contact lens fitting, unaware that they have underlying signs of dry eyes which ought to be managed first. I have also seen patients who don’t adhere to the recommended wearing or cleaning regime thus making their eyes more prone to dryness.

So in this blog post, I hope I can illustrate how contact lens wear can be made more comfortable for dry eye syndrome sufferers.

How Contact Lenses Affect Eye Moisture

There are two general types of dry eye condition. Most people will experience some combination of these issues, with evaporative dry eye being a more prevalent problem.

Aqueous Tear-Deficient Dry Eye:

  • This condition occurs when the lacrimal glands do not produce enough of the aqueous (watery) layer of the tear film.
  • Those with this condition may find contact lenses uncomfortable due to insufficient lubrication. The lack of adequate tear volume can lead to increased friction between the lens and the cornea, causing irritation.

Evaporative Dry Eye:

  • This type is caused by rapid evaporation of tears from the eye’s surface, often due to meibomian gland dysfunction, which affects the lipid (oily) layer of the tear film.
  • Contact lenses can exacerbate this condition by absorbing the tear film’s moisture, leading to increased tear evaporation and dryness.
dry eyes and contact lenses itchy eyes
dry eyes and contact lenses irritated eyes

Choosing the Right Contact Lenses for Dry Eyes

Choosing the right kind of contact lenses for dry eyes is essential to ensure comfort and maintain eye health. Here’s a summary of various types of lenses and how they can be beneficial for those with dry eye symptoms:

Silicone Hydrogel Lenses

  • These lenses are made from a material that allows a significant amount of oxygen to pass through to the cornea.
  • They help maintain corneal health and reduce the risk of hypoxia-related complications. Their high oxygen permeability can also reduce tear film evaporation, making them a good choice for those with evaporative dry eye.

Low Water Content Lenses

  • These lenses have a lower percentage of water in their composition compared to other soft lenses.
  • They are less likely to dehydrate in dry environments, which can be beneficial for people whose tear film evaporates quickly.

Daily Disposable Lenses

  • These are single-use lenses that are discarded after one day of wear.
  • The daily replacement schedule minimizes the chance of lens-surface build-up, which can irritate dry eyes. They also reduce the need for potentially irritating cleaning solutions.

Scleral Lenses

  • Scleral lenses are large-diameter rigid gas permeable lenses that vault over the entire corneal surface and rest on the sclera (the white part of the eye).
  • They create a tear-filled vault over the cornea, which helps keep it moist and can be particularly beneficial for severe dry eye cases.

Orthokeratology (Ortho-K) Lenses

  • These are specially designed rigid gas permeable lenses worn overnight to temporarily reshape the cornea.
  • Ortho-K lenses can be a great option for dry eye sufferers as they are worn during sleep, eliminating the need for daytime contact lenses and thus reducing the potential for dry eye symptoms during waking hours.

When choosing contact lenses for dry eyes, it’s important to consider individual factors like the severity of dry eye symptoms, lifestyle, and personal comfort preferences.

Regular consultations with an optometrist are essential to determine the most suitable type of lenses and ensure proper fit and care.

Contact Lens Fitting and Regular Checkups

The importance of proper contact lens fitting cannot be overstated, especially for individuals who experience dry eye symptoms. Here’s why accurate fitting and regular eye exams are crucial:

  • Eyes Can Change: Regular eye checks are necessary to monitor eye health and ensure that the contact lens prescription is up to date. Your eye’s shape and condition can change over time, which requires adjustments in the lens prescription.
  • Eyes Are Unique: Each person’s eyes have a different shape, size, cornea, and eyeball lens. A prescription that is tailored to these individual differences ensures that contact lenses correct vision effectively without causing discomfort or harm.
  • Monitoring Eye Health: Regular exams help detect any changes in eye health that might affect contact lens use, such as changes in tear production or the development of conditions like dry eye disease.
  • Managing Irritation: Lenses that do not fit properly can rub against the eye’s surface, leading to increased irritation and discomfort, especially in individuals already suffering from dry eyes.
  • Management of Tear Film: A poor fit can disrupt the natural distribution of the tear film. This disruption is crucial in the context of dry eyes, as it can exacerbate the symptoms by causing uneven tear distribution and increased evaporation.
  • Monitoring Oxygen Permeability: Ill-fitting lenses, especially those that are too tight, can restrict the amount of oxygen reaching the cornea. For dry eye sufferers, this can further irritate and dry out the eyes.
  • Minimizing Risk of Eye Infections: Poorly fitted lenses can lead to an increased risk of eye infections and corneal damage, as they may trap debris and bacteria against the eye, creating an environment conducive to infections.

Proper contact lens fitting is a detailed process that requires the expertise of a trained optometrist or ophthalmologist. It involves not only determining the correct prescription but also choosing the right type of lens material, size, and curvature to suit the individual’s eyes and lifestyle.

For those with dry eye symptoms, the importance of a precise fit is even greater to ensure comfort, minimize irritation, and promote overall eye health. Regular follow-ups and open communication with your eye care professional are key to maintaining the best possible vision and comfort while using contact lenses.

Managing Dry Eyes While Wearing Contact Lenses

Managing dry eyes while wearing contact lenses involves a combination of appropriate eye care products, lifestyle adjustments and diligent hygiene practices.

Here are some tips for contact lens wearers on how to effectively manage dry eyes:

Use of Lubricating Eye Drops Compatible with Contact Lenses

  • Specialized Formulas: Opt for lubricating eye drops specifically formulated for use with contact lenses. These drops help maintain moisture and alleviate dry eye symptoms without affecting the lens material.
  • Regular Application: Regularly using these drops can provide ongoing relief and comfort, especially during prolonged lens wear or in dry environments.

Lifestyle Adjustments and Dietary Supplements for Eye Health

  • Screen Time Management: Reduce eye strain by taking regular breaks during prolonged screen use, following the 20-20-20 rule (every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds).
  • Environmental Considerations: Use a humidifier in dry indoor environments and wear sunglasses outdoors to protect against wind and sun, which can exacerbate dry eyes.
  • Dietary Supplements: Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish oil and flaxseed oil, can support eye health by improving tear quality and reducing dry eye symptoms.

Proper Cleaning, Storing, and Replacing Contact Lenses

  • Regular Cleaning: Clean lenses thoroughly as per your optometrist’s instructions to remove deposits and microbes.
  • Proper Storage: Always store lenses in fresh, sterile solution in a clean lens case.
  • Timely Replacement: Adhere to the replacement schedule for your lenses to minimize the risk of irritation and infection, which can worsen dry eye symptoms.

Hygienic Practices in Preventing Dry Eye Irritation

  • Hand Hygiene: Always wash and dry your hands thoroughly before handling contact lenses.
  • Avoid Touching or Rubbing Eyes: This can transfer bacteria to the eyes and lenses, increasing the risk of infection and irritation.

Signs Indicating a Need for an Urgent Professional Assessment

  • Persistent Discomfort or Pain: Any ongoing discomfort or pain while wearing lenses should be evaluated.
  • Redness or Swelling: These can indicate an infection or an allergic reaction.
  • Blurred Vision or Light Sensitivity: Sudden changes in vision or increased sensitivity to light require immediate professional attention.
  • Excessive Tearing or Unusual Eye Discharge: These symptoms can signal an underlying problem that needs to be addressed by an eye care professional.

By incorporating these practices into your daily routine, you can effectively manage dry eyes while enjoying the benefits of wearing contact lenses.

Regular check-ups with an eye care professional are crucial to ensure that your contact lens use is not adversely affecting your eye health.


As an optometrist, I understand the challenges of managing dry eyes for contact lens wearers. And in my experience, choosing the right lenses is one of the most important decisions to make.

Silicone hydrogel lenses, for instance, offer excellent oxygen permeability, while daily disposables minimize irritants. For severe dry eyes, scleral lenses can be a game-changer, and Orthokeratology (Ortho-K) lenses are great for overnight use.

In addition, I always stress the importance of regular eye exams to ensure lenses fit correctly, as poorly fitted lenses can aggravate dry eye symptoms and increase infection risks.

If you are a contact lens wearer who experiences persistent discomfort, redness, or vision changes, I encourage you to seek immediate professional advice. My goal is to help contact lens users in Canberra to achieve a comfort and clear vision despite their dry eyes.

To visit our optometry practice, click the “Book Online” button at the top of the page or call (02) 6152 8585 today.

You’ll find our clinic conveniently located in the Molonglo Health Hub, just a short 10 minute drive from central Canberra, with plenty of free parking when you get here.